Answer :

1. The Nagar Palikas or Municipal Councils are urban local bodies, established under the 74th Amendment Act, 1992. These bodies are established in smaller urban areas.

2. The members of the Municipal council are directly elected by the people. The district is divided into wards, and each ward selects a ward member for a tenure of 5 years. It also has certain nominated and some ex-officio members.

3. There is reservation of seats for SCs, STs and OBCs in the Council. There is also a uniform 33% reservation for women across the board, in the Municipal Council.

4. They perform the functions that fall under the subjects mentioned in the 12th Schedule of the Constitution. These include

Urban planning

Land use regulation

Roads and bridges

Social development

Public health, sanitation, solid waste management

Fire departments

Urban forestry etc.

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