Animal husbandry refers to the agricultural practice of breeding and raising domestic animals. Animal breeding aims at increasing the yield of animals and improving the desirable qualities of the produce.
Out-breeding: it refers to the practice of breeding of unrelated animals. These animals must not have a common ancestor.
Out-crossing: it refers to the practice of breeding of animals of the same breed, but they have no common ancestor on either side for 4-6 generations. The offspring of this mating is called an outcross. This practice helps to overcome inbreeding depression (continuous breeding of closely related individuals of the same breed, which decreases productivity).
Cross breeding: it refers to the practice of mating of animals from two different breeds. It helps to combine the desirable traits of two different breeds. In this method, the superior male of one breed is mated with a superior female of another breed. Thus giving rise to superior progeny. Hisardale is the new breed of sheep obtained by crossing Bikaneri ewes and Marino rams.
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