Q. 164.8( 4 Votes )

Explain how federal power-sharing in India has become more effective than in the early year after the Constitution came into force.

Answer :

In the early years India although a federation was in general ruled by one major party both at the Centre and at the state levels. States ruled by rival parties were often ignored by the Centre in favour of those states ruled by the political party at the Centre exhibiting a clear misuse of power by the central government. The era of the Coalitions Government started in India in 1990. This period saw the rise of several regional political parties in the states of the country. Since no political party got an outright majority in Lok Sabha, the major political parties had to form alliances with the regional parties to form a government at the Centre. This, in turn, led to a new culture of power-sharing and respect for the autonomy of state governments. The Supreme Court also passed judgments that made it difficult for the Central Government to dismiss the views and concerns of any State Government in an arbitrary fashion. Thus, federal power-sharing in India has become more effective than in early years after the Constitution came into force mainly due to Coalitions Government and the backing of the Judiciary.


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