Answer :

There have been several revolutionary movements in past in which active participation of people lead to management of forests. Few among them are mentioned below-

1. Khejri Trees - The Bishnoi community in Rajasthan dedicated themselves for the work of forest and wildlife conservation. In 1731, Amrita Devi led a group of 363 people who sacrificed their lives for the protection of khejri trees near Jodhpur in Rajasthan. This case shows the determination of people for protecting their environment it also inspired many other movements that came after it.

2. The Chipko Andolan- It started in 1973 in Chamoli district of Uttaranchal was a movement started by common people against deforestation. The villagers did not allow the logging contractor to cut the tress and stopped them from doing so by hugging the trees. The main leaders of this movement were Sunderlal Bahueguna, Gauri devi, Chandi Prasad Bhatt.

3. Appiko Movement- It was a revolutionary movement for environmental conservation and was inspired by Chipko movement, the people of Karnataka state launched a similar movement to save their trees. It was led by Panduranga Hedge in 1983, where men, women, children hugged the trees of Kalase forest.

4. Sal Trees protection- In 1927, the West Bengal Forest Department formulated a scheme for protection of degraded Sal trees by involving participation of local people. It started in the Arabari forest range of Midnapore district. An officer named A.K. Banerjee involved the local people for protection of 1272 hectare of degraded sal forest. With the active participation of people the forest became thick and green in ten years.

5. Jhadol Case- Until a decade back the responsibility of forest management in Udaipur laid solely in hands of legal system. Deforestation there continued at an alarming rate, realizing the importance of people’s participation in preserving forest area the forest department introduced joint forest management, handing over the task of preservation to the local volunteer groups. Worldwide famous communities like Karel, Manas, Tara have been formed that conducts regular meetings, do discussions, involved in decision making for preserving forests.

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