Answer :

Chemical properties of dilute sulphuric acid:

i. When reacted with metal, dilute sulphuric acid produces metal sulphates and hydrogen gas. For examples:

ii. When dilute sulphuric acid reacts with oxides, hydroxides or carbonates of metal, it produces metal sulphates, CO2 and water. For examples:

Oxide: ZnO + H2SO4 ZnSO4 + H2O

Hydroxide: NaOH + H2SO4 Na2SO4 +2H2O

Carbonate: CaCO3 + H2SO4 CaSO4 +H2O + CO2

iii. When dilute sulphuric acid reacts with sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate, it forms sodium sulphate and carbon dioxide.

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