1. The decline of the Non-cooperation Khilafat Movement gave rise to the feeling of alienation among a large section of Muslims from the Congress.
2. During the mid-1920s, the very much visible associations of the Congress Hindu religious nationalist groups like the Hindu Mahasabha further created feelings of suspicion and distrust among the members of both the communities.
3. As the relations between Hindus and Muslims worsened, each community organized religious processions with militant fervour, provoking violent clashes and riots in various cities.
NOTE – The conditions of worsened relations between the Muslims and Hindus was created by the divide and rule policy of the British. Also, the internal situations, an association of the Congress as a “Hindu” political party and the conflicts and riots between the two communities divided the nationalist movement against British Rule.
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