Q. 184.2( 9 Votes )

Explain any three forms of caste politics in India.

Answer :

(i) While choosing candidates : When parties choose candidates in elections, they keep in mind the caste composition of the electorate, and nominate candidates from different castes so as to get the necessary support to win elections.


(ii) While forming a government: When the governments are formed, political parties usually take care that representatives of different castes and tribes find a place in it.


(iii) While campaigning: Political parties and candidates in elections make appeals to people to give them their votes on the basis of caste. Some political parties are known to favour some castes, and are seen as their representatives.


(iv) Universal adult franchise and the principle of one-person-one-vote, has compelled the political leaders to raise the caste-based issues during elections. They do so to mobilise and secure political support. It also brought new consciousness among the people of castes that were hitherto treated as inferior and low.


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