Four ways in which democracies have been able to reduce inequality and poverty are-
1. Equal voting rights- Democracy ensures political equality by giving equal voting rights to every citizen.
2. Social equality- Democracy ensures social equality by protecting the rights of the citizens without discrimination.
3. Equal distribution of benefits- Democracy equally distributes benefits to all the sections of the society.
4. Special efforts- Special efforts have been made to uplift the weaker sections of the society (like reservations) so that they could live with dignity and honor.
Explanation: Almost all democracies around the world have measures to ensure equality and justice to all its citizen, primarily by treating them as equals socially and politically, while ensuring that special provisions are given to the weaker sections for their upliftment.
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