Q. 143.7( 4 Votes )
Explain any four reasons for the dominance of the Congress Party in the first three general elections in India?
Reasons for the dominance of congress party in the first three general elections in India.
(I) Congress party was the oldest and the foremost party of the national movement.
(II) It was the only organization which spread all over the country.
(III) The party had the most popular and charismatic leader Jawaharlal Nehru.
(IV) Congress was a social and ideological forum.
(V) The party won 364 seats out of 489 in the first General Election 1952.
(VI) The non-congress votes were divided between different rival parties, it benefited the congress in Elections. …. Any Four
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Read the passage given below carefully and answer the following questions :
The Congress evolved from its origins in 1885 as a pressure group for the newly educated, professionals and commercial classes to a mass movement in the twentieth century. This laid the basis for its eventual transformation into a mass political party and its subsequent domination of the political system. Thus the Congress began as a party dominated by the English speaking, upper caste, upper middle class, and urban elite. But with every Civil Disobedience Movement, it launched, its social base widened.
(a) What is meant by a pressure group?
(b) Explain the reason for the Congress to be transformed into a rainbow-like social coalition by the time of Independence.
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