Answer :

Some of the features of marginal groups in London included:

The number of criminals and criminal activities increased. Criminals were mainly the poor people who lived by stealing lead from roofs, food from shops, lumps of coal, and clothes drying on hedges. They were the cheats and tricksters, pickpockets and petty thieves crowding the streets of London.


In order to maintain law and order and public morality, the police imposed high penalties for the crime. The authorities also offered work to the ‘deserving poor’.


A large number of women that were employed in factories during the 18th and 19th century were started losing their jobs due to industrialization. They were forced to work within households. Thus, they became involved in tailoring, washing etc to increase their family income.


A large number of children were also forced to work in industries on low paid jobs. They were cheap and offered more productivity. Thus, the compulsory elementary education act was passed in 1870 to keep them out of industrial work.


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