Q. 21 A4.3( 3 Votes )

Explain any five

Answer :

Napoleon introduced a series of social and administrative reforms in the areas under his control in order to make the system more rational and efficient.

1. The Civil Code (1804) abolished all kinds of privileges based on birth, thereby establishing equality before the law and securing the right to property.


2. Napoleon simplified administrative divisions to a great extent and introduced significant reforms in this direction.


3. The feudal system was also abolished and the peasants were freed from serfdom and manorial dues. In the towns, guild restrictions were removed.


4. Further, the basic means of communication and transport facilities were improved to carry out smooth administration at all levels.


5. Peasants, artisans and new businessmen found that the introduction of uniform laws, standardized weights and measures and a common national currency enabled them to smoothly carry out the movement and exchange of goods and capital from one region to another.


NOTE - Napoleon, the French military leader gained popularity around the French Revolution (1789). The French revolutionaries, in their mission, to liberate people of Europe from despotism (meaning-the use of power in a cruel and oppressive manner). He was able to conquer a wide swath of territory and also introduced many reforms which were already in place in France. These reforms not only intended to gain political power in various parts of Europe but were also aimed at liberating despotic rulers and establishing French control overall.


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