Cotton is a Kharif crop. Cotton grows well in the regions where the temperature is about 20-28 degree centigrade and rainfall is between 80-150 centimetres. Black soil which is rich in lime and potash is suitable for cultivating cotton.
Gujarat is the leading producer of cotton in the country followed by Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. Cotton is grown in Ganganagar, Hanumangarh, Bikaner, Kota, Bundi and Jhalawar regions of Rajasthan.
The three major types of cotton that is grown in India are:
a. Long and thin yarn cotton:
Haryana, Punjab, and Rajasthan are the leading producers of this type of cotton which contributes to nearly fifty percent of the total cotton produced.
b. Medium length yarn cotton:
Gujarat, Maharashtra, Haryana, Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, and Tamil Nadu are the states that produce this type of cotton.
c. Short length yarn cotton:
This cotton is produced in small scale in almost all states of the country.
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