Answer :

United Nation is an international organization and has several agencies that work in a specific direction. The issues related to war, differences between nations are discussed and resolved in General assembly and Security Council.

The Security Council has five permanent members( US, China, Russia, France, and UK. These members have got veto power.) and ten nonpermanent members.


There has been criticism for a lesser number of seats for permanent members. In 1997 suggestions were made regarding criteria for new permanent member:


1. A new member must be a major economic power.


2. The nation must be a major military power.


3. The nation must be contributing a substantial amount to the UN.


4. The nation must be inclined towards democracy and human rights


5. The nation must represent a large population.


6. The country must be representative of the world’s diversity.


India has also been supporting the proposal of increasing the number of both permanent and nonpermanent members.


OR


India has faced traditional (military) and non-traditional threats to its security that have emerged from within as well as outside its borders.


Its security strategy has four broad components,


1. The first component was strengthening its military capabilities, as India was engaged in several wars with China and Pakistan. Since it is surrounded by nuclear-armed countries in the South Asian region


2. The second component of India’s security strategy has been to strengthen international norms and international institutions to protect its security interests. It used non-alignment to help carve out an area of peace outside the bloc politics of the two superpowers


3. The third component of Indian security strategy is geared towards meeting security challenges within the country. Several militant groups from areas such as the Nagaland, Mizoram, the Punjab, and Kashmir among others have, from time to time, sought to break away from India.


4. Finally, there has been an attempt in India to develop its economy in a way that the vast mass of citizens are lifted out of poverty and misery and huge economic inequalities are not allowed to exist


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