Q. 8 5.0( 2 Votes )

Examine the Fifth Report submitted to the British Parliament in 1813.

Answer :

The fifth report submitted to the British parliament in 1813 was a series of reports on the administration and the activities of the East India company in India.

● It was a report of 1002 pages. Out of these pages, 800 pages were appendices that reproduced petitions of Zamindar, riots, reports of collectors and district, statistical table of revenue return, notes on the revenue return, judicial administration of Bengal and Madras written by the official.

● Many political groups argued that the Bengal conquest was benefited to only East India Company.

● It also contains information regarding companies maladministration.

● This report was criticized on the ground that it exaggerated the collapse of traditional zamindari power and overestimated the scale on which zamindars lost their land.overestimated

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Read the following extract carefully and answer the questions that follow :

‘‘There cannot be any divided loyalty’’

Govind Ballabh Pant argued that in order to become loyal citizens people had to stop focusing only on the community and the self :

For the success of democracy one must train himself in the art of self-discipline. In democracies one should care less for himself and more for others. There cannot be any divided loyalty. All loyalties must exclusively be centred round the State. If in a democracy, you create rival loyalties, or you create a system in which any individual or group, instead of suppressing his extravagance, cares nought for larger or other

interests, then democracy is doomed.

(15.1) What are the major attributes of a loyal citizen ?

(15.2) What should the citizens do for the success of democracy ?

(15.3) What will happen to the State or democracy if the citizens have divided loyalties ?


Read the following extract carefully and answer the questions that follow :

‘‘I believe separate electorates will be suicidal to the minorities’’

During the debate on 27 August, 1947, Govind Ballabh Pant said :

I believe separate electorates will be suicidal to the minorities and will do them tremendous harm. If they are isolated for ever, they can never convert themselves into a majority and the feeling of frustration will cripple them even from the very beginning. What is it that you desire and what is our ultimate objective ? Do the minorities always want to remain as minorities or do they ever expect to form an integral part of a great nation and as such to guide and control its destinies ? If they do, can they ever achieve that aspiration and that ideal if

they are isolated from the rest of the community ? I think it would be extremely dangerous for them if they were segregated from the rest of the community and kept aloof in an air-tight compartment where they would have to rely on others even for the air they breathe ... The minorities if they are returned by separate electorates can never have any effective voice.

(15.1) Why did some leaders think that there should be separate electorates for minorities ?

(15.2) Why were some nationalists against the demand of separate electorates ?

(15.3) Why did Govind Ballabh Pant consider separate electorates harmful for the minorities ?

History - Board Papers