Answer :

Urban Local government implies the governance of an urban area by the people through their elected representatives. 74th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992 provided constitutional status to local urban bodies.

Thus, the 73rd and 74th amendments provide a framework for the States in respect of local government. Thus, each State has its own Election Commission which conducts elections to all local bodies after regular intervals of five years.


Composition:


1. The Municipal bodies are constituted of persons chosen by direct election from the territorial constituencies (known as wards) in the municipal area.


2. The offices of chairperson are reserved for SC/ST and women.


Function:


1. The corporation, council or municipal board or council consisting of the elected representatives of the people, act like a legislature.


2. the urban local body frames broad policies relating to taxation, resources raising, pricing of services and other aspects of municipal administration.


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