Q. 64.0( 46 Votes )

Form the differential equation of the family of circles touching the y-axis at origin.

Answer :

The center of the circle touching the y- axis at orgin lies on the x – axis.

Let (a,0) be the centre of the circle.

Thus, it touches the y – axis at orgin, its radius is a.

Now, the equation of the circle with centre (a,0) and radius (a) is

(x –a)2 – y2 = a2

x2 + y2 = 2ax

Now, differentiating both sides w.r.t. x , we get,

2x + 2yy’ = 2a

x + yy’ = a

Now, on substituting the value of a in the equation, we get,

x2 + y2 = 2(x + yy’)x

2xyy’ + x2 = y2

Therefore, the required differential equation is 2xyy’ + x2 = y2 .

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