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(a) Gardening shears bought for Rs. 250 and sold for Rs. 325.

It is given in the question that,

Cost price of the product, CP = Rs 250

Selling price of the product, SP = Rs 325

Therefore,

Profit = Selling Price – Cost Price

= 325 – 250

= Rs 75

Also,

Profit % = × 100

= × 100

= × 4

= 7.5 × 4

= 30 %

(b) A refrigerator bought for Rs. 12,000 and sold at Rs. 13,500. It is given in the question that,

Cost price of the refrigerator, CP = Rs 12,000

Also,

Selling price of the refrigerator, SP = Rs 13,500

Therefore,

Profit = Selling Price – Cost Price

= 13,500 – 12,000

= Rs 1500

We know that,

Profit % = × 100

= × 100

=

= = 12.5 %

(c)A cupboard bought for Rs. 2,500 and sold at Rs. 3,000.

It is given in the question that,

Cost price of the cupboard, CP = Rs 2500

Selling price of the cupboard, SP = Rs 3000

Profit = Selling Price – Cost Price

= 3000 – 2500

= Rs 500

Also,

Profit % = × 100

= × 100

= = 20 %

(d) A skirt bought for Rs. 250 and sold at Rs. 150.

It is given in the question that,

Cost price of the skirt, CP = Rs 250

Selling price of the skirt, SP = Rs 150

Therefore,

Loss = Cost Price – Selling Price

= 250 – 150

= Rs 100

Also,

Loss % = × 100

= × 100

= × 4

= = 40 %

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