Q. 253.6( 37 Votes )

# Show that t

Answer :

Let Ɵ be the semi- vertical angle of the cone.

Let r, h and l be the radius, height and the slant height of the cone respectively.

It is given that slant height is constant.

Now, r = lsinƟ and h = lcosƟ

Then, the volume of the cone (V)

V =      . Now, if sin3Ɵ = 2sinƟcos2Ɵ

tan2Ɵ = 2

tanƟ = √2 Now, when , then tan2Ɵ = 2 or sin2Ɵ = 2cos2Ɵ.

Then, we get = -4πl3cos3Ɵ < 0 for Ɵ ϵ Then, by second derivative test, the volume (V) is the maximum when Therefore, the semi-vertical angle of the cone of the maximum volume and of given slant height is .

Hence Proved.

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