Q. 675.0( 1 Vote )

# Verify the Rolle’s theorem for each of the functions

f(x) = log (x^{2} + 2) – log3 in [– 1, 1].

Answer :

Given: f(x) = log (x^{2} + 2) – log3

Now, we have to show that f(x) verify the Rolle’s Theorem

First of all, __Conditions of Rolle’s theorem__ are:

a) f(x) is continuous at (a,b)

b) f(x) is derivable at (a,b)

c) f(a) = f(b)

If all three conditions are satisfied then there exist some ‘c’ in (a,b) such that f’(c) = 0

Condition 1:

f(x) = log (x^{2} + 2) – log3

Since, f(x) is a logarithmic function and logarithmic function is continuous for all values of x.

⇒ f(x) = log (x^{2} + 2) – log3 is continuous at x ∈ [-1,1]

Hence, condition 1 is satisfied.

Condition 2:

f(x) = log (x^{2} + 2) – log3

On differentiating above with respect to x, we get

⇒ f(x) is differentiable at [-1,1]

Hence, condition 2 is satisfied.

Condition 3:

∴f(-1) = f(1)

Hence, condition 3 is also satisfied.

Now, let us show that c ∈ (-1,1) such that f’(c) = 0

Put x = c in above equation, we get

∵, all the three conditions of Rolle’s theorem are satisfied

f’(c) = 0

⇒ 2c = 0

⇒ c = 0 ∈ (-1, 1)

Thus, Rolle’s theorem is verified.

Rate this question :

Verify the Rolle’s theorem for each of the functions

f(x) = x (x – 1)^{2} in [0, 1].

The value of c in Rolle’s theorem for the function f(x) = x^{3} – 3x in the interval

For the function the value of c for mean value theorem is

Mathematics - ExemplarVerify the Rolle’s theorem for each of the functions

Mathematics - Exemplar

Verify the Rolle’s theorem for each of the functions

f(x) = log (x^{2} + 2) – log3 in [– 1, 1].

Verify the Rolle’s theorem for each of the functions

f(x) = x(x + 3)e^{-x/2} in [–3, 0].

Discuss the applicability of Rolle’s theorem for the following functions on the indicated intervals :

f(x) = 3 + (x – 2)^{2/3} on [1, 3]

Using Rolle’s theorem, find the point on the curve y = x(x – 4), where the tangent is parallel to x-axis.

Mathematics - ExemplarVerify the Rolle’s theorem for each of the functions

Mathematics - Exemplar