Q. 1 A5.0( 1 Vote )

If A and B be mutually exclusive events associated with a random experiment such that P(A) = 0.4 and P(B) = 0.5, then find :

(i) P(A B)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

Answer :

Given A and B are two mutually exclusive events


And, P(A) = 0.4 P(B) = 0.5


By definition of mutually exclusive events we know that:


P(A B) = P(A) + P(B)


We have to find-


i) P(A B) = P(A) + P(B) = 0.5 + 0.4 = 0.9


ii) P(A’ B) = P(A B)’ {using De Morgan’s Law}


P(A’ B) = 1 P(A B) = 1 – 0.9 = 0.1


iii) P(A’ B) = This indicates only the part which is common with B and not A This indicates only B.


P(only B) = P(B) – P(A B)


As A and B are mutually exclusive So they don’t have any common parts P(A B) = 0


P(A’ B) = P(B) = 0.5


iv) P(A B’) = This indicates only the part which is common with A and not B This indicates only A.


P(only A) = P(A) – P(A B)


As A and B are mutually exclusive So they don’t have any common parts P(A B) = 0


P(A B’) = P(A) = 0.4


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