Q. 115.0( 1 Vote )

A die is thrown twice. What is the probability that at least one of the two throws come up with the number 3?

Answer :

If a dice is thrown twice , it has a total of(6 × 6) 36 possible outcomes.


If S represents the sample space then,


n(S) = 36


Let A represent events the event such that 3 comes in the first throw.


A = {(1,3), (2,3), (3,3), (4,3), (5,3), (6,3)}


P(A) =


Let B represent events the event such that 3 comes in the second throw.


B = {(3,1), (3,2), (3,3), (3,4), (3,5), (3,6)}


P(B) =


Clearly (3,3) is common in both events-


P(A B) =


We need to find the probability of event such that at least one of the 2 throws give 3 i.e. P(A or B) = P(A B)


Note: By definition of P(E or F) under axiomatic approach(also called addition theorem) we know that:


P(E F) = P(E) + P(F) – P(E F)


P(A B) = P(A) + P(B) – P(A B)


P(A B) =


Hence,


P(at least one of the two throws comes to be 3) =


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