Q. 325.0( 3 Votes )

Six coins are tos

Answer :

Let p be the probability of getting a head in a toss.



If p is the probability of getting a head in a toss, then q is the probability of getting a tail in a toss.


We have p + q = 1


q = 1 – p





Let X denote a random variable representing the number of heads in 6 tosses of coin. The probability of getting r heads in n tosses of coins is given by


P (X = r) = nCrprqn-r


We know the values of n, p, and q.


n = 6




We can re-write the binomial distribution as,


…(A)


(i). We need to find the probability of getting 3 heads.


It is given by,


Probability = P (X = 3)


So, putting r = 3 in equation (A). We get










Thus, the probability of getting 3 heads out of tosses of 6 coins is .


(ii). We need to find the probability of getting no head.


It is given by,


Probability = P (X = 0)


So, putting r = 0 in equation (A). We get






Thus the probability of getting 0 heads out of tosses of 6 coins is .


(iii). We need to find the probability of getting at least 1 head.


It is given by,


Probability = P (X = 1) + P (X = 2) + P (X = 3) + P (X = 4) + P (X = 5) + P (X = 6)


Or


Probability = 1 – P (X = 0)


Let us use the shorter formula.


We know from the result of part (ii),



Using this result, let us find out the probability of getting at least one head.


Then,





Thus, the probability of getting at least one head is .


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