Q. 325.0( 1 Vote )

By examining the chest X - ray, probability that T.B is detected when a person is actually suffering is 0.99. The probability that the doctor diagnoses incorrectly that a person has T.B. on the basis of X - ray is 0.001. In a certain city 1 in 1000 persons suffers from T.B. A person is selected at random is diagnosed to have T.B. What is the chance that he actually has T.B.?

Answer :

Let us assume U1, U2 and A be the events as follows:


U1 = Person having T.B


U2 = Person not having T.B


A = Diagnosing T.B disease


From the problem:




P(A|U1) = P(diagnosing T.B disease for the person who actually having T.B)



P(A|U2) = P(diagnosing T.B disease for the person who don’t actually have T.B)



Now we find


P(U1|A) = P(The person has T.B and diagnosed T.B)


Using Baye’s theorem:







The required probability is .


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