Answer :

We have,

ax – by = a2 + b2 …(i)

x + y = 2a …(ii)

To solve these equations, we need to make one of the variables (in both the equations) have same coefficient.

Lets multiply equation (ii) by b, so that variable y in both the equations have same coefficient.

Recalling equations (i) & (ii),

ax – by = a2 + b2

x + y = 2a [×b

ax + bx = a2 + b2 + 2ab

(a + b)x = (a + b)2

x = a + b

Substitute x = (a + b) in equations (i)/(ii), as per convenience of solving.

Thus, substituting in equation (ii), we get

a + b + y = 2a

y = 2a – a – b

y = a – b

Hence, we have x = (a + b) and y = (a – b).

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