Answer :

Given:- ΔABC, AD is median

To Prove:- If AD is perpendicular on base BC then ΔABC is isosceles

Proof:- Let, A at Origin

be position vector of B and C respectively


Now position vector of D, mid-point of BC i.e divides BC in 1:1

Section formula of internal division: Theorem given below

Let A and B be two points with position vectors

respectively, and c be a point dividing AB internally in the ration m:n. Then the position vector of c is given by

Position vector of D is given by

Now distance/length of BC

= position vector of C-position vector of B

Now, assume median AD is perpendicular at BC

Then by Dot Product


Thus two sides of ΔABC are equal

Hence ΔABC is isosceles triangle

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