Q. 153.9( 8 Votes )

If m times the mth term of an A.P. is equal to n times its nth term, then show that the (m + n)th term of the A.P. is zero.

Answer :

We know that nth term of A.P. , tn = a + (n – 1) d.


First, tn = a + (n – 1) d


Then, tm = a + (m – 1) d


Given, mtm = ntn


m [a + (m – 1) d] = n [a + (n – 1) d]


ma + m2d – md = na + n2d – nd


ma – na + m2d – n2d – md + nd = 0


a (m – n) + d (m2 – n2) – d (m – n) = 0


We know that a2 – b2 = (a – b) (a + b)


(m – n) [a + d (m + n) – d] = 0


[a + d (m + n) – d] = 0


a + (m + n – 1) d = 0


(m + n)th term, tm + n = 0


Hence proved.


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