Q. 2 B3.8( 6 Votes )

# Which of the following functions from A to B are one – one and onto?f2 = {(2, a), (3, b), (4, c)}; A = {2, 3, 4}, B = {a, b, c}

TIP: One – One Function: – A function is said to be a one – one functions or an injection if different elements of A have different images in B.

So, is One – One function

a≠b

f(a)≠f(b) for all

f(a) = f(b)

a = b for all

Onto Function: – A function is said to be a onto function or surjection if every element of A i.e, if f(A) = B or range of f is the co – domain of f.

So, is Surjection iff for each , there exists such that f(a) = b

Now, As given,

f2 = {(2, a), (3, b), (4, c)}

A = {2, 3, 4}, B = {a, b, c}

Thus we can see that

Check for Injectivity:

Every element of A has a different image from B

Hence f is a One – One function

Check for Surjectivity:

Also, each element of B is an image of some element of A

Hence f is Onto.

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