Q. 235.0( 1 Vote )

Answer :

Let PQR is the triangle with inscribed circle of radius ‘r’, touching sides PQ at Y, QR at X and PR at Z.

OZ, OX, OY are perpendicular to the sides PR,QR,PQ.

Here PQR is an isosceles triangle with sides PQ = PR and also from the figure,

⇒ PY = PZ = x

⇒ YQ = QX = XR = RZ = y

From the figure we can see that,

⇒ Area(ΔPQR) = Area(ΔPOR) + Area(ΔPOQ) + Area(ΔQOR)

We know that area of a triangle = ×base×height

⇒

⇒

⇒

⇒

⇒

⇒

⇒

⇒

⇒

⇒ …… (1)

We know that perimeter of the triangle is Per = PQ + QR + RP

⇒ PER = (x + y) + (x + y) + 2y

⇒ PER = 2x + 4y …… (2)

From(1)

⇒

⇒

⇒

We need perimeter to be minimum and let us PER as the function of y,

We know that for maxima and minima ,

⇒

⇒

⇒

⇒

⇒ 4y^{4} - 12y^{2}r^{2} = 0

⇒ 4y^{2}(y^{2} - 3r^{2}) = 0

⇒

Differentiating PER again,

⇒

⇒

⇒

⇒

⇒

⇒

⇒ >0(minima)

We got minima at y = r.

Let’s find the value of x,

⇒

⇒ x = r

⇒ PER = 2(r) + 4(r)

⇒ PER = 6r

∴ Thus proved

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