Q. 154.0( 11 Votes )

A TV tower stands vertically on a bank of the canal. From a point on the other bank directly opposite the tower, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 60°. From another point 20 m away from this point on the line joining this point to the foot of the tower, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 30°. Find the height of the tower and the width of the canal.

Answer :

Untitled11.jpg


In the figure, let AB be the tower and BC be the canal. C is the point on the other side of the canal directly opposite the tower. Join B and C. Let D be another point, 20m away from C. Join C and D. We get two right-angled triangles ∆ABC and ∆ABD, both right angled at B. Given that, ACB = 60° and ADB = 30°. DC = 20m. We use trigonometric ratio tan using AB as height and BC as a base(for ∆ABC) and AB as height and BD as a base(for ∆ABD) to find AB and BC.


In ∆ABC,



or,



In ∆ABD,



or,



Equating the values of AB in ∆ABC and ∆ABD,



or,



or,



or,



So, the width of the canal = BC = 10m. We found that AB = BC√3 = 10√3m.


So, height of the tower = AB =


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