Q. 9

# A lot of 20 bulbs contain 4 defective ones. One bulb is selected at random from the lot. What is the probability that this bulb is defective? Suppose the bulb selected in previous case is not defective and is not replaced. Now one bulb is selected at random from the rest. What is the probability that this bulb is not defective?

Answer :

Given,

Total number of bulbs = 20

Defective bulbs = 4

Probability selected this bulb is defective –

P(selected bulb is defective) =

P(selected bulb is defective) =

P(selected bulb is defective) =

∴ Probability the selected bulb is defective is

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