Let the two concentric circles be centred at point O. And let PQ be the chord of the larger circle which touches the smaller circle at point A. Therefore, PQ is tangent to the smaller circle.
OA ⊥ PQ (As OA is the radius of the circle)
Applying Pythagoras theorem in ΔOAP, we obtain
OA2 + AP2 = OP2
32 + AP2 = 52
9 + AP2 = 25
AP2 = 16
AP = 4
Since OA ⊥ PQ,
AP = AQ (Perpendicular from the centre of the circle bisects the chord)
PQ = 2AP = 2 × 4 = 8
Therefore, the length of the chord of the larger circle is 8 cm.
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