Q. 155.0( 2 Votes )

Prove that in any triangle ABC, where a, b, c are the magnitudes of the sides opposite to the vertices A, B, C, respectively

Answer :

Given:


a, b, c are magnitudes of the sides opposite to the vertices A, B, C respectively.


AB = c, BC = a and CA = b


To Prove:


In triangle ABC,



Construction: We have constructed a triangle ABC and named the vertices according to the question.


Note the height of the triangle, BD.


If BAD = A


Then, BD = c sin A


[ in ∆BAD



BD = c sin A]


And, AD = c cos A


[ in ∆BAD



AD = c cos A]



Proof:


Here, components of c which are:


c sin A


c cos A


are drawn on the diagram.


Using Pythagoras theorem which says that,


(hypotenuse)2 =(perpendicular)2 + (base)2


Take ∆BDC, which is a right-angled triangle.


Here,


Hypotenuse = BC


Base = CD


Perpendicular = BD


We get,


(BC)2 = (BD)2 + (CD)2


a2 = (c sin A)2 + (CD)2 [ from the diagram, BD = c sin A]


a2 = c2 sin2 A + (b – c cos A)2


[ from the diagram, AC = CD + AD


CD = AC – AD


CD = b – c cos A]


a2 = c2 sin2 A + (b2 + (-c cos A)2 – 2bc cos A) [ from algebraic identity, (a – b)2 = a2 + b2 – 2ab]


a2 = c2 sin2 A + b2 + c2 cos2 A – 2bc cos A


a2 = c2 sin2 A + c2 cos2 A + b2 – 2bc cos A


a2 = c2 (sin2 A + cos2 A) + b2 – 2bc cos A


a2 = c2 + b2 – 2bc cos A [ from trigonometric identity, sin2 θ + cos2 θ = 1]


2bc cos A = c2 + b2 – a2


2bc cos A = b2 + c2 – a2



Hence, proved.


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