Answer :

It is not true that every relation which is symmetric and transitive is also reflexive.

Take for example:

Take a set A = {1, 2, 3, 4}

And define a relation R on A.

Symmetric relation:

R = {(1, 2), (2, 1)}, is symmetric on set A.

Transitive relation:

R = {(1, 2), (2, 1), (1, 1)}, is the simplest transitive relation on set A.

⇒ R = {(1, 2), (2, 1), (1, 1)} is symmetric as well as transitive relation.

But R is not reflexive here.

If only (2, 2) ∈ R, had it been reflexive.

Thus, it is not true that every relation which is symmetric and transitive is also reflexive.

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