Q. 215.0( 14 Votes )
Evaluate the role
1.The Civil Disobedience Movement of the 1930s saw considerable participation from the business classes, led by industrialists such as Purshottamdas Thakurdas and G.D. Birla.
2. They reacted against various policies of the British that obstructed their expansion. They wanted protection against imports of foreign goods and a rupee-sterling foreign exchange ratio that would discourage imports.
In organizing their business interests, they formed the Indian Industrial and Commercial Congress in 1920 and the Federation of the Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industries (FICCI) in 1927.
3. They gave financial assistance to the Civil Disobedience Movement and refused to buy or sell imported goods. Most of the industrialists saw the colonial policies of restricting business activity as oppressive and wanted them to be removed so that trade and industry could flourish, thus, contributing to the growth of Indian economy.
NOTE – After obtaining a large amount of benefits from the First World War, the business classes were keen on expanding their business activities and therefore saw the Civil Disobedience Movement as an opportunity to put forward their interests and demands.
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