Q. 215.0( 1 Vote )
“Encouraging or a
Yes, it is true that “Encouraging or at least allowing cultural diversity is good policy from both the practical and the principled point of view.” State tries to rule one homogeneous or a single social group with the view to control it. But repressing cultural diversity can be very costly as to isolate minority or subordinate groups considering them as ‘non-national’. Also, there could be negative consequences of such actions too. Thus, cultural diversity is good policy from both the practical and the principled point of view.
India is a culturally and socially diverse country in the world. In terms of population, it is the second largest with a population of 1029 million people. Among them, 80.5% of the populations are the Hindus divided by various castes, languages, follow various practice and beliefs; being the third largest Muslim country of the world after Indonesia and Pakistan, it constitutes the Muslim population of 13.4%; Christians (2.3%), Sikhs (1.9%), Buddhists (0.8%) and Jains (0.4%) are other major religions of the country. The population of India speaks 1,632 different languages and dialects. Among these, 18 languages are officially recognised and to guarantee their legal status it is placed under the 8th schedule of the constitution.
There are two types of policies, ‘assimilationist’ and ‘integrationist’. Assimilationist policies are such policies where a particular set of norms or rules have been imposed which the citizens have to follow and these norms are basically are of the dominant social groups. Integrationist policies are those policies which define the public culture to be the inclusion of the common national pattern whereas those ‘non-national cultures’ should exist in the private sphere. In the case of India, it neither fits the ‘assimilationist’ and ‘integrationist’ models.
Indian constitution declared states to be secular but Language, religion and other factors continued to exist in the public sphere and minorities were provided with constitutional protection. It is in the process of implementation that India faced problems rather than laws or principles. Thus, India’s is a good example as a ‘state-nation’ but like many other countries, it is not free from the problems of ‘nation-states”.
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