Q. 75.0( 1 Vote )
Elucidate the political circumstances that resulted in Palestine-Israel conflict.
Palestine was part of the Turkish Empire until the First World War. When Turkey lost the war, Britain took over Palestine. Britain was helped by the Jews as a reward to them British foreign secretary Arthur Balfour established the Jewish Nation in West Asia. This came to be known as the Balfour Declaration.
The various political circumstances that resulted in Palestine-Israel conflict are-
• Hitler committed brutality against Jews which increased the demand for the separate Jewish state. Meanwhile, an international movement called Zionism was started to provide a homeland for the Jews. As a result, a nation Israel was formed in 1948.
• Conflicts between Israel and the Arab nations began. Soon, Israel captured Palestine and Palestinians were thrown out from their homeland, so they migrated to various Arab countries.
• Yasser Arafat founded the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and became the president with the objective to establish a nation.
• Israel declared Palestine as a free nation after mass destruction and massacre. The Oslo Pact was signed in 1993 by the US. Although the terms in the pact still need to be fulfilled.
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