Q. 7

Elaborate on the

Answer :

Markets provide the main outlets for selling the products produced by different industries. Thus, where the market is located, acts as a significant factor in determining the location of the industries. For example, cotton textile industries are located near large mark towards determiningat or Mumbai, where there is a large demand for cotton-made products. Similarly, petroleumrefineries are seen to be located near the markets as thetransport of crude oil is easier and severalproducts derived from them are used as rawmaterial in other industries. Koyali, Mathura andBarauni refineries are examples of such refineries of India.

Transport plays a vital role too, in the location of industries. Initially, after India got independence, all the major industries were set up in cities like Kolkata, Mumbai because these cities had adequate transportation facilities by roadways, railways and waterways. Later, industries were set up in other remote areas only when they were connected by roadways and railways. It is seen that all the major industries of India are located along the trunk rail routes.


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