Answer :

Distillation is a process of purifying a liquid by a process of heating and cooling.

The diagram of distillation is given below:

(i) It is a chemical process where a mixture which is made up of two or more components with different boiling points is separated.

(ii) The mixture is heated until one of the components boils (turns to a vapor).

(iii) The vapor is then fed into a condenser, which cools the vapor and changes it back into a liquid that is called distillate.

(iv) What remains in the original container is called the "residue"

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