Answer :

The human female reproductive system consists of:

(i) Ovaries - These are the primary reproductive organs in women. They are oval shaped and present inside the abdominal cavity of a woman. The ovaries produce ova or female gametes and sex hormones called Oestrogen and Progesterone.


(ii) Fallopian tubes (or Oviducts) - These are paired tubes which have funnel shaped openings that cover the ovaries. The ovum released by an ovary goes into the oviduct through its funnel shaped opening. The fertilisation of egg by a sperm takes place in it.


(iii) Uterus - It is an elastic bag- like structure in which the fertilised egg develops into a baby. The uterus opens into the vagina through the cervix.


(iv) Vagina - It is a tubular structure. It receives the sperms for the fertilisation. It is also called birth canal because it is the passage through which the baby is born.



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