Fig. Structure of human sperm
(a) Function of acrosome-
• The acrosome is filled with enzymes like hyaluronidase and acrosin that help in the fertilization of the ovum.
(b) Function of nucleus-
• The nucleus stores genetic material.
• It contains a haploid (N) nucleus in which 23 chromosomes (22 autosome+ either X or Y).
(c) Function of middle piece-
• The middle piece contains may mitochondria, which produce energy for the movement of a tail which facilitates sperm motility essential for fertilization.
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