Answer :

A nation-state was one in which the majority of its citizens came to develop a sense of common identity and shared history. This commonness was forged through struggles, through the actions of leaders and the common people. The concept of nation states came into being after the French Revolution which saw a transfer of the ruling powers from the monarchy to the citizens. This reduced the hold of the aristocracy over common people to a great extent. In the past, the aristocracy which ruled the common people often turned out to be despotic which caused impoverishment among the citizens under their rule. It often led to shortages in the food supply, lack of proper earning opportunities, taxes which led to impoverishment and overall lowering in the standard of living for the general masses. This led to revolts and rose in demand for sovereignty. These revolts were often successful in removing the oppressive monarchy leading to declining of their dominance.

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