Answer :

Social Institutions are the structure devised to fulfil the desires of a particular social group. The importance of social institutions are:

1. The medium of Culture: Social institution is the medium of transfer cultural aspects like knowledge, customs, values, and others from generation to generation. They are important for social life.


2. Fulfil the needs of the members: Social institutions fulfil the basic needs of human beings and help to regulate their behaviour.


3. Define and regulate the behavior of members: They prescribe and define good and bad behaviors. For example, schools define our way of dressing and other behaviors. It corrects our bad behaviour by various means like punishment, reprimands, and rustication. If the desired correction is not achieved, then the school resorts to legal course of action.


4. Roles to individuals: The social institutions assign a role to their members based on their age and other yardsticks. Family assigns relationships based on age. Similarly, social institutions assign a role to members by defining their relationships.


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