Q. 22

Distinguish between voluntary unemployment and involuntary unemployment. What is the significance of this distribution?

Answer :

● Voluntary employment is the situation when a worker who is able to work is unemployed due to his own unwillingness.

● A person remains unemployment despite jobs being available.

● Involuntary unemployment is a situation where a person who is able and willing to work is unable to get any work at the existing wage rate.

● The person is unemployed due to market conditions.

● The unemployment level in an economy is reflected by the degree of unemployment.

● According to Keynes, it is due to the insufficiency of effective demand which can be solved by increasing the aggregate demand by government intervention.

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