Q. 124.2( 5 Votes )
1. Under the unitary system, there is only one level of government or there are sub-units which are subordinate to the central government. Whereas, in a federal system, there is decentralization of power i.e. central level, state level, grass root level.
2. In a unitary system, the power is centralized in the hands of the central government and every order passed by it has to be enacted. However, in a federal system, a state government or grass root level has its own powers. Additionally, the central government cannot act in an autocratic manner.
3. In a federal system, criteria of dual citizenship may exist. For example – U.S.A. In India, no such criterion exists. In contrast, the unitary system does not practice any system of dual citizenship.
NOTE - Unitary System and Federal System are two different forms of organizing government and its activities. As a basic difference -
Unitary stands for ‘one’ central authority, while,
The federal system stands for ‘central authority along with constituent units.’
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