Answer :

Peasant movement started from pre-colonial era. The movements during 1858 and 1914 were localised, disjointed and were confined to particular grievances such as

Bengal revolt against plantation of Indigo

Deccan riots against money lender

The Bardoli Satyagraha a non-tax campaign started by Mahatma Gandhi

Champaran Satyagraha against Indigo plantation

Tebhaga Movement and Telangana movement

New farmer’s movement

It began in 1970 in Punjab and Tamilnadu

It was regionally organised and involved farmers rather than peasants

The basic ideology behind the movement was strongly anti-state and anti-urban.

The main focus was price and other related issues

It used methods of agitation like blocking roads and railways, refusing politicians and bureaucrats to enter the villages and so on.

It further included environmental and women issues also.

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