Answer :

Peasant movement started from pre-colonial era. The movements during 1858 and 1914 were localised, disjointed and were confined to particular grievances such as

Bengal revolt against plantation of Indigo


Deccan riots against money lender


The Bardoli Satyagraha a non-tax campaign started by Mahatma Gandhi


Champaran Satyagraha against Indigo plantation


Tebhaga Movement and Telangana movement


New farmer’s movement


It began in 1970 in Punjab and Tamilnadu


It was regionally organised and involved farmers rather than peasants


The basic ideology behind the movement was strongly anti-state and anti-urban.


The main focus was price and other related issues


It used methods of agitation like blocking roads and railways, refusing politicians and bureaucrats to enter the villages and so on.


It further included environmental and women issues also.


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