Q. 154.6( 43 Votes )

Distinguish

Answer :

Esterification is the process by which esters are formed when an alcohol reacts with an acid in presence of conc. Sulphuric acid.

R’OH + RCOOH RCOOR’ + H2O


CH3CH2OH + CH3COOH CH3COOC2H5 + H2O


Saponification reaction is when ester reacts with NaOH, to form sodium salt of acid and alcohol.


RCOOR’ + NaOH RCOONa + R’OH


CH3COOC2H5 + NaOH CH3COONa + C2H5OH


Esters are used in making perfumes, artificial flavouring agents, ice-creams, cold drinks.


Saponification process is used in making soaps.

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