Q. 14.5( 4 Votes )
The three factors that determine the outcomes of politics of social division are as follows –
• The first outcome depends on how people see their identity for instance if people see their identity as in singular or in exclusive, i.e., considering themselves different and above others results in a difficult situation whereas people who see their identity as multiple and go in flow with the national identity then it becomes easier and helps them to stay together. For example – in India, people consider themselves as Indians also as belonging to a particular state, region, group or language.
• The second outcome is based on how the leaders of the particular community or group put forward their demands if it is within the social-Constitutional framework than it becomes easier and not degrading any other community. For example – in Srilanka, the demand for ‘only Sinhala’ was at the cost of degrading the other community (Tamil community in Srilanka).
• The third outcome is how the government reacts to the demands of the particular social group or community. For example – in Srilanka, if the ruling government had agreed to share power with the minorities and other social groups, the situation would have become less threatening. Also, if they decided to suppress their demands, it could become the reason for disintegration in the society.
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