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Chance and co-incidence play an important role in the novel ‘Silas Marner’ by George Eliot. The protagonist, Silas Marner’s life and other lives are greatly influenced by chance and co-incidence. The central character of the novel, Silas Marner is a religious and innocent man. He leads a pious life and believes in charity. Unfortunately, Marner’s friend William Dare plays foul with him. William falsely implicates Marner in the theft case of Moray. A false procedure is followed so as to hold Marner responsible for the Moray theft. The draw of lots is arranged to nail the identity of the thief and the result of this draw is purely a matter of chance. Silas Marner is declared guilty and ex-communicated. After this, Marner starts his life’s journey in search of new life. This action is propelled by chance and helps in developing the plot of the story. Chance also paves the future of Marner’s life.

Heartbroken, miserable and without any gold Silas Marner encounters a remarkable co-incidence. The chanced entry by a young girl in Marner’s cottage brings hope and a lease of new life to him. Deep in sorrow, Silas Marner hypnotically sees the girl’s golden tresses as the gold he had lost. He thinks they are gold coins. The co-incidence of the girl landing in the same cottage as Marner gives him a motive to lead a normal life. A ray of hope brings out Marner from being dead.


Man’s poor moral values and corrupted ethics are universal phenomenon. What make it worse is the lack of social restrictions and initiatives to curb such wrong doings. H. G. Wells in his novel ‘The Invisible Man’ portrays the failing human and social values. Griffin is an immoral man, who is callous and very self-centred. Society disapproved of him because of his cruel acts. He inflicted pain to others by being self-centred. Griffin’s ill treatment towards the professor, robbing his father which led him to commit suicide, conducting experiments without dreading for consequences are pointers of how evil he was. Griffin attended his father’s funeral without being sorry and considered his father to be a sentimental fool. His ruthlessness towards the cat and the devilish act of burning the house at Great Portland Street are the means he adopted to cover his heinous crimes.

Upon being invisible, Griffin continued his wrong doings. He actually enjoyed doing them. Killing, spreading fear, torturing humans and animals made Griffin a living monster. The author, H. G. Wells through the story makes it clear that had the society-imposed restrictions on Griffin, then he would have learnt a lesson. A well-organized system with robust laws and principles would have stopped Griffin. Without such societal changes crimes will continue.

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