Answer :

Developed countries means the country is advanced in terms of infrastructure, industrialization, income per capita and standards of living. Examples of developed countries in the world are Japan, Israel, and Singapore etc.

Modern industrial activities involve the application of power, mass production of identical products and specialised labour.


Major trends of modern industrial activities especially in the developed countries of the world are:


*Specialisation of production: It is a method of production which focuses on the production of a limited scope of goods to gain a greater degree of efficiency.


*Mechanisation: Machines and gadgets are used for production of goods. Mechanisation helps in improving the quality of work. The work performed with the help of machine is generally more neat and legible than the work completed with hand. The advance stage of mechanisation is automation.


*Technological innovation: Industry in developed countries emphasizes on research and development and finding new ways to improve quality eliminate wastage and controlling pollution. It has become an essential feature of manufacturing industry.


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