Q. 25

Discuss the major physical features of India and their characteristics.

Answer :

The major physical features of India include:

i. Himalayas: These are Himalayan mountains lie in the north which runs from Indus river to Brahmaputra river in a west-east direction. The perennial river, Ganga originate from these mountains.


ii. Thar Desert: the Thar Desert is also known as the Great Indian Desert. It is an arid region which lies in West Rajasthan and Gujarat. The climate in this region is very extreme


iii. Indian Peninsula: Indian Peninsula is another name of the peninsular plateau. It comprises Central Highlands in north and Deccan Plateau in the south.


iv. Coastal Plains: There are two coastal plains in India- Eastern Coastal Plains and Western Coastal Plains. Eastern Coastal Plains stretches from Mahanadi valley in the north to Nilgiri hills in the south. Western Coastal Plains run parallel to the Arabian Sea in the west of India.


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